Demolition Safety Planning
Planning for a demolition project is just as important as actually doing the work. According to Cal/OSHA, a qualified person experienced in all phases of the demolition should conduct the demolition planning.
Consider the following when planning any demolition project:
The planning methods that will be used to bring the structure down
The necessary equipment to do the job
Proper permits and public utility notifications
Prior to the Start of a Demolition Project
The engineer must complete a written survey to determine if there are any hazardous substances in the structure, and asses the condition of the floors, walls, and framing to prevent a premature collapse. The completed survey must be kept on the job-site and made available upon request.
The demolition contractor is responsible for planning the wreckage of the structure, the equipment to do the work, informing worker of hazards and safety requirements, and public safety. Planning should include necessary safety equipment such as:
Specific respirators for the job
Safety nets, lifelines, and fall protection
Eye and face protection
Sidewalk sheds or canopies at all entrances
Water to keep material or debris wet to prevent dust from rising
Workers should also know how to respond to possible emergencies. Emergency procedures should be devised, explained, and posted. Make sure to name all the local medical or emergency responding facilities and post it in a readily accessible location with phone numbers and addresses. Post all first aid and CPR equipment with the names of on-site certified individuals.
The demolition area should be clearly marked as such to ensure that only authorized personnel are within restricted areas of the site. All site workers or authorized personnel should be dressed in appropriate personal protective wear and be informed of safety practices and emergency procedures.
For additional information on this topic, visit the Federal Occupational Safety & Health Administration’s (Fed/OSHA) section on Demolition.